Power Steering Fluid Introduction Power steering fluid is more stable than brake fluid and has a longer life. Typically, fluid replacement is performed only when the power steering system is repaired or in the event of a serious problem such as contamination of the fluid by metal particles, etc.
Four Wheel Steering Introduction By steering a vehicle’s rear wheels as well as its front wheels, a four-wheel steering system, either mechanical or electrical, offers improved handling stability and other benefits. The Four-Wheel Steering/Electronic Four-Wheel Steering system used by Honda performs two distinct operations: in-phase steering, whereby the rear wheels are turned
Steering Wheel Preliminary Inspection Steering system inspections begin when you climb into the vehicle prior to driving it toward the work area. When you sit in the driver’s seat, check for looseness in the steering wheel by shaking it upward and downward, backward and forward, and to the left and right. As you drive the vehicle, check whether the [...]
1. Electronic four-wheel steering Introduction By steering a vehicle’s rear wheels as well as its front wheels, a four-wheel steering system, either mechanical or electrical, offers improved handling stability and other benefits. The 4WS/E-4WS system used by Honda performs two distinct operations: in-phase steering, whereby the rear wheels are turned in the same direction as [...]
Driveshaft Introduction The purpose of the drive shafts is to transfer torque from the differential to the wheels. Accordingly, one end of each shaft is splined to the differential’s pinion-drive gear (or side gear), while the other end is splined to a wheel hub. Note, however,
Drive Shaft Boot Overview A driveshaft boot will deteriorate over time and is, therefore, designated as one of the vehicle’s periodic inspection items. Boots cover the flexible joints in the driveshafts, and the grease used for lubricating the CV joints is packed into these
Play in the tie-rod ball joints of a vehicle’s steering system can detract from steering responsiveness and cause the steering wheel to vibrate unpleasantly. Check the ball joints for play in accordance with the following procedure:
Suspension System Inspection 1. Inspection of Damper Operation In the procedure described in this article, the technician bounces the vehicle and observes the manner in which the vehicle’s up/down oscillation diminishes. It is not possible to recognize abnormal damper operation without being
MacPherson Strut Suspension The MacPherson strut suspension is essentially simple in design and consists of a lower arm and damper assembly. The latter contains a shock absorber and a coil spring, often referred to as a strut.